Danella tasmanica ‘Variegata’

Variegated Flax Lily. Tentative ID. This is a variegated evergreen with strappy leaves that are yellow-edged with green central panels. It bears small blue flowers which give rise to blue berries. It grows from 1 to 3 feet tall with equal spread.

Although it grows well when planted in shady locations, it does best when it receives full or partial sun for most of the day. It is drought-tolerant but it needs consistently moist soil during its first growing season. This helps it establish the strong, deep root system that allows it to tolerate drought conditions later in its life. In its second and subsequent seasons, water it only during periods of extreme drought. Too much water will make it susceptible to scale and other pests. If other plants in the garden are experiencing drought stress, the flax lily probably is as well, so water it slowly to a depth of 10 inches.

It should be fertilized montly during the growing season. It is propagated by dividing up established plants. It should be dug up, and a shovel driven through its root ball.

The plant is native to Tasmania, Australia. (Info from various internet sources.)


According to the American Orchid Society (AOS), these are the most common orchids in the retail trade. They are epiphytes or air plants with well-developed water-storage organs (pseudobulbs), often referred to as canes because they are upright and leafy. AOS says they should be potted in porus, free-draining media. There are many types of denrobiums, but Dendrobium phalaenopsis varieties are the most frequently encountered. The flowers of these varieties resemble those of the Phalaenopsis or moth orchids.

Canarium ovatum Engl.

Pili. Marcotted. Obtained from Legazpi City. Indigenous to the Philippines. This tree grows to a height of 35 m.

The leaves are usually three- to four-paired, ending in a terminal leaflet. The small flowers grow in clusters and the fruit is ovoid, up to 5 cm long, and is smooth and black when ripe. The tree is long-lived (the owners of one tree in the Bicol region claim it is 200 years old) and can bear up to 24,000 fruit at a time. When freshly picked, the ripe whole fruit can be boiled and the soft thick pulp eaten as a vegetable or salad. The hard-shelled kernel is the well-known pili nut. The resin extracted from the bark is an export product and has both pharmaceutical and industrial uses. It is an ingredient in the manufacture of plasters, ointments, paints, varnish, sealants, lacquers, asphalt, water and fire proofing, linoleum, plastics and printing inks. The oil from both kernel and pulp is considered equal to olive oil in quality and is suitable for culinary uses.

Dianthera candicans

Pink candy justicia. This native of Mexico is a climbing shrub with lanceolate, dark green leaves. Its bilabiate flowers are pale red to crimson, with the lower lip divided into three segments. Propagated from cuttings. I have lost this plant.

Dipladenia sanderi; Mandevilla sanderi. Dipladenia (Mandevilla) splendens, M. boliviensis

Family: Apocynaceae. Origin: south-eastern Brazil. A tender woody vine which provides a non-stop bounty of huge white (also pink) trumpet-shaped flowers in clusters. The flowers have gold throats and are up to 10 cm across. Blooms heaviest in the hottest months and sporadically throughout the rest of the year. Fuzzy young stems twine around supports eventually scrambling to heights up to 3.5 meters. The handsome leathery leaves are dark green, up to 20 cm long and 7 to 10 cm wide. Given adequate care, the Dipladenia is pest free (except for aphids, which can multiply to alarming proportions if left unchecked) and fast growing. Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested.

Dischorisandra thrysiflora

Blue ginger. According to Warren, this is not a ginger but a spiderwort. It has cane-like, jointed stalks rising to about 1.5 metres from underground stems. Its leaves are dark green, lightly banded with silver and with a purplish-blue wash underneath. Its large terminal clusters of flowers are dark blue-mauve with white and yellow centres. It likes filtered light and moist-well drained soil. It is propagated from tip cuttings or by root division. Origin: tropical America.

Dracaena australis. Cordyline australis

Yucca. False yucca. 1 at P2,000. Palm-like tree to 8 m, unlike palms, however, it has many branches high up on the trunk. The leaves are sword-shaped, leathery, up to 90 cm long and 5 cm wide, and are borne in tufts at the ends of branches. It bears numerous panicles of small white fragrant flowers, which are followed by berries. This native of New Zealand was given the name “cabbage tree” by early settlers who used its inner leaves and stems as a cooked or raw vegetable. Propagated from stem cuttings or from seeds.

Dracaena reflexa ‘Song of India´

1 at P700. This is a multi-trunk or clumping shrub. It has narrow dark green leaves with bright yellow margins. Can become a small tree, although its stems are weak and may require support to keep the plant from sprawling. The Reflexa bears white flowers once annually. It prefers lightly shady to shady conditions. Needs to be watered regularly as the soil must be kept moist. Propagated from stem cuttings and by division.

Dracaena reflexa Lam. ‘Song of Thailand’

Similar to Song of India, but the leaves have light cream to white stripes. A recent introduction to the Philippines. 7 given by Belle.

Dracaena marginata ‘Tricolor’

6 at P100. Native to Madagascar. Recently introduced to the Philippines. Unbranched or rarely branched plant, with a slender trunk and 60 cm long narrow leaves which taper to a point. Its predominantly green leaves have a red-purple stripe running along the outer edges, hence its name. The ‘Tricolor’ has in addition white or yellowish stripes along the green centre, giving the plant an overall greenish-gold colour. Thrives in sunlight and well-drained soil. Slow growing. Propagated from stem cuttings.

Duranta repens

Golden dewdrop (the name comes from the bright orange-yellow berries that follow the flowers); Sky flowers; Pigeon berry. The duranta can be grown as a shrub which can arch to 25 feet; it can also be grown as a tree. Either way, it requires frequent pruning to keep in shape. It likes the full sun and frequent deep watering. It is easy to root from cuttings, and can be propagated from seeds. It flowers continuously throughout the year. Nectar-filled, the flowers are attractive to butterflies.

Dypsis madagascariensis lucubensis. Chrysalidocarpus madagascariensis

Becc. Madagascar palm. 1 at P200. A handsome, medium-sized solitary palm (there is also a clumping form), to about 15m, with a thick, closely ringed grey trunk. It has a tristichous leaf arrangement, long thin leaflets, and slightly plumose leaves. Needs full sun and regular watering.